Assessing risk of heart disease no different for individuals with obesity
The standard approach of assessing long-term risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) works just as well for patients who are overweight as they do for patients at an optimal weight, according to a new study in JAMA Network Open.
Led by Rohan Khera, MD, MS, an assistant professor of cardiovascular medicine at Yale, researchers found that even among overweight and obese individuals, using a calculator based on risk factors works well for most patients.
These findings support the use of pooled cohort equations (PCEs) as a risk prediction tool to guide prevention and treatment strategies in adults. “The implication of these observations is that clinical decisions regarding risk reduction therapies among most obese individuals should not factor in their weight,” said Dr. Khera.
The PCEs were first introduced in 2013 to estimate an individual’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Several patient characteristics including age, sex, race, smoking status, blood pressure levels, hypertension, diabetes, and cholesterol are factored into estimating their risk. The results are used as a guideline for prescribing medications or other primary prevention strategies to prevent cardiovascular disease.
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