Tuesday, 13 Apr 2021

Health Problems

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment is outlined in several guidelines worldwide. These include guidelines from ACR, EULAR, and the UK’s National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. It is to be remembered that rheumatoid arthritis has no absolute cure. It is a progressive disease. However, there are several approaches that can help in preventing and delaying the […]

Chlamydia Infection Pathophysiology

Chlamydia infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world. Mode of transmission The infection spreads from infected individuals to their sexual partners via unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sexual intercourse. Sharing unwashed sex toys or those that are not covered with a […]

Drugs Targeting the 5-HT System

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter that binds to 5-HT receptors in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Serotonin is an example of an inhibitory neurotransmitter that has general sedative effects on the brain and counteracts the effects of stimulants such as caffeine, for example. Adequate serotonin levels are needed to maintain a stable […]

Virus Infection in Other Species

Viruses may infect all cells and each cellular organism has its own specific range of viruses that often infect only that species. Some viruses in addition can replicate only in cells that have been taken over by other viruses. These are called satellites or parasites of other viruses. Viruses affecting animals and livestock Viruses are […]

Vomiting Treatment

The aim of managing vomiting, especially if it is recurrent, prolonged or excessive involves: Identifying the cause of recurrent or repeated vomiting. Once identified, the cause of vomiting needs to be addressed. For example, gastric obstruction needs to be carefully ruled out and acute gastroenteritis needs to be treated using antibiotics. Vomiting should be reduced […]

What is Nephrology?

Nephrology is a branch of medical science that deals with diseases of the kidneys. What do the kidneys do? The kidneys are vital for life with their complex network of blood vessels and intricate network of tubes and tubules that filter blood of its waste products and excess water. The kidneys maintain the fluid, electrolyte, […]

Noonan Syndrome Causes

Noonan syndrome represents one of the most common dysmorphic disorders with an incidence between 1 in 1000 to 1 in 2500 live births. The most characteristic features of this syndrome are craniofacial dysmorphy, short stature, cardiovascular defects, bone and skeletal defects, as well as delayed puberty and cryptorchidism in males. Noonan syndrome has a genetic […]

Cancer Pathophysiology

Cancer has a complex Pathophysiology. Pathologists are physicians who are concerned primarily with the study of disease in all its aspects. This includes cause of the disease, diagnosis, how the disease develops (pathogenesis), mechanism and natural course of the disease. They also deal with biochemical features, progression, and prognosis or outcome of the disease. Pathology […]

Diagnosis of crabs (pubic lice)

Crabs or pubic lice infestation is transmitted through sexual or other close bodily contact. Although these are transmitted via sexual contact, they are not associated with carrying other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or HIV AIDS from person to person. These lice are transmitted from an infected person despite the use of condoms or other barrier […]

What is Gastrointestinal Bleeding?

Gastrointestinal bleeding refers to any form of hemorrhage or blood loss that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, the passage that extends all the way from the mouth to the anus. The causes of this type of bleeding are numerous but a patient’s symptom history and a physical examination usually help to distinguish the main causes. […]

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