Hantavirus spreads: 2019 is quite clearly a breakout year
Where Rötelmäuse feel comfortable, lurks perhaps the pathogen: this year could become ill, according to experts in certain areas of Germany once again above average, a lot of people on the Hantavirus. “2019 is quite clearly a breakout year,” said Mirko Faber, scientists at the Robert Koch-Institute in Berlin (RKI), at the request of the news Agency. Since January, the Institute reported good 460 cases. Especially the Swabian Alb, the rooms Stuttgart and Osnabrück, in lower Franconia, the Bavarian forest, to the East of Hesse, in the West of Thuringia and the münsterland are affected, Faber said.
The current outbreak, but so far not with the strong Hantavirus-year 2012 comparable, Faber said. At the time, throughout the year, the previous record value of around 2800 infections were registered in the same period, more than 1100 cases. In other years, a year less and less people became ill nationwide, as of date within six months, in 2018, for example, only 235. Strong fluctuations from year to year, the Hantavirus is common.
Can infect you when you Sweep the Garage
In Germany, the Inhalation of dust ruined the feces of Rötelmäusen (also woodland vole) is considered to be the main source of infection for Hantavirus. But also with the saliva or urine, the Virus is excreted. Can infect you about cleaning up or Sweeping of garages or sheds. Among occupational groups with a certain risk about foresters, hunters, and construction workers, as Faber. But also in the leisure, there are risks: protective and BBQ huts in the forest, for example, are also popular with the mice, so that they could become infected.
The disease fluctuate in numbers, therefore, from year to year, because the probability of a contagion with the density depends on the infected Rötelmäusen together. “Many people become infected if there are many infected Rötelmäuse,” said Faber. In particular, in Beech mast years, mouse populations get through the large amount of feed a boost.
A human to human Transmission is unlikely.
So, you protect yourself against Hantavirus
In this country, infections by Hantavirus is usually similar to symptoms of ill-health with flu: high fever, head and limb pain, also Nausea or vomiting. The disease can suffer from a cough or blurred vision. Usually abdominal pain develop after a few days, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting.
The kidneys can be affected, up to acute renal failure. Only the symptoms can be treated, a vaccination there are. In other regions of the occurring types of the Virus can trigger severe diseases.
The first symptoms that show up two to four weeks after contact with the pathogen. In General, the observed in Germany disease form heals without consequences. Deaths are, according to the Federal centre for health education (BZgA) “very rare”.
To avoid contact with Hantavirus, you should dust before cleaning moistened. In addition, experts recommend, the surfaces with a commercial disinfectant spray. Residential buildings should be secured against the entry of rodents.
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